What is a Cold?
- A cold is a virus-related infection which affects the throat, ears and nose. There are more than 200 diverse kinds of viruses that can lead to the common cold.
- Colds normally last a few days and are not generally severe. Though, they can lead to other toxicities, particularly in kids.
- Young kids, for instance, those under 3, tend to attract colds more often than adults because their immunity is not yet completely developed.
- You can attract one cold after another because there are so many numerous and diverse viruses going around.
- The common cold is different from the flu, also referred to as influenza.
- The flu is caused by a dissimilar virus (influenza A or B).
- Influenza is much more severe than a common cold and can be lethal.
How Are Colds Transmitted
- Colds are transmitted when an individual inhales the virus that has been sneezed or coughed into the air by a contagious individual.
- Individuals can also get colds by touching a contagious individual’s hand and then touching their own mouth, nose or eyes.
- The spread of colds is expected in day-care and at schools due to the attendance of many kids with weak immune systems and without effective hygiene routines.
- Viruses can persist for lengthy periods in the environment, in some instances more than 20 hours.
Signs Of Colds
Colds generally mean you get a mixture of:
- Congested or runny nose;
- Painful throat;
- High fever;
- Coughing; and
- Symptoms generally only last a couple of days and most individuals fully recuperate without any ongoing issues after 7 to 10 days.
Visiting A Doctor
It is not generally required for adults to visit a GP for a common cold virus if they have minor symptoms.
Though, babies and very young kids (below the age of 3) need to be examined to make sure the cold does not evolve into a chest infection.