The defining characteristics of a common cold
The common cold is caused by a virus that impacts one’s respiratory system such as the nose. In total, there are approximately two hundred viruses that result in a cold, which makes it difficult for a person to recognize the illness immediately. In a lot of cases, the common cold is not viewed as a grave concern, but are typically eliminated in several days. Small children below age three are more likely to catch a cold rather than older people because of their still developing immune systems.
How colds are spread
In many cases, colds are spread through the surrounding air. For example, if a person with a cold cough or sneezes near another person, then it is highly likely that the virus can be transmitted to another. Furthermore, colds can be spread by skin contact where one comes into contact with the virus and touches his or her mouth, eyes, or nose. The cold virus enters this way. In schools and public places, colds are most common due to the large number of children around these areas. Furthermore, in most cases the cold virus can survive for up to eighteen hours, thereby allowing for easy transmission from person to person.
- Irritated and painful throat
- Regular and irritating coughs
- Increased body temperature
- Runny nose and sneezing
- Nasal congestion
In a lot of cases, these conditions may remain for close to ten days, but the period will vary depending on how strong one’s immune system reacts. Consult a doctor if the child has high temperature and runny nose.
Talk to your family doctor
On many occasions, people who experience a cold try to heal themselves rather than visiting their doctor. Individuals with another serious illness should always consult their doctor whenever they have a cold. Small children aged 3 and under should undergo assessment by a doctor for signs of chest infections.
See a doctor for the following reasons:
- Severe trouble with natural breathing
- Bad headaches that worsen
- Worsening fever despite regular medication use
- Consistent vomiting throughout the day or night
Unfortunately, there are no particular medicines or drug therapy that cure colds. Some have advocated that the best way to manage a cold is to consume plenty of liquids while ensuring enough rest. Furthermore, there exist specific kinds of medicines that one may discuss with their doctor about, which hold promise in treating symptoms. This is especially true for children who suffer from colds. Use any kind of common pain medication within reason to help manage the effects of a cold.
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