Overview Of Burns
Coming in contact with any heat source can result in a burn or blister injury. A burn can be the consequence from coming into contact with heat such as scorching metal or electrical energy, boiling liquid or steam. Clothing over the region might preserve the heat and cause additional harm.
Symptoms And Signs
- Severe throbbing.
- Red, flaking or scorched skin (or black if caused by electrical energy).
- Soggy fluid draining from the wounded region.
- The casualty might be pale, chilly and clammy, feeling weak and shaky and complaining of queasiness or nausea.
- Inflammation of the wounded region might appear later.
- Eradicate the heat supply from the casualty, or the casualty from the heat source, whichever is safer.
- Cool the wounded region
- Instantaneously cool the affected region for up to 15 minutes using cold water from a tap or by standing in the shower. In the nonexistence of water, any cold fresh liquid (beer etc.) can be utilized.
- A first aid burn cream might be used as a substitute for water if there is sufficient to cover up the burn.
- If any clothing is soaked with boiling fluid or affected by a chemical substance, remove it fast and carefully.
- Get rid of any stiff clothing or jewelry from the wounded region, if possible, because of the danger of inflammation.
If the casualty is badly wounded, or the burn is causing considerable pain, or involves the eyes, or is bigger than half the casualty’s arm – call the paramedics. See a medical practitioner if the burn is causing ongoing pain.
- Position the casualty
- If the casualty is feeling weak, place them down.
- The wounded region (depending on the place of the burn) can be positioned in a basin or bucket of cool water if this is easier than tipping water over the burn.
- Apply a hygienic bandage
- After cooling the wounded region for up to 15 minutes, apply a sterilized bandage.
- Use a non-adherent bandage or a bit of kitchen wrap.
- DO NOT crack blisters or get rid of peeled skin.
DO NOT try to get rid of any material that is attached to a burn.
DO NOT place ointments or butter to any burn wound because infection might take place and complicate the injury.
DO NOT position small kids or babies in a cool bath or shower for the full 15 minutes, as this can lead to hypothermia.
- Keep in mind that any substance applied to a burn wound might have to be separated later in hospital and might also set back the healing process.